Production Cast Setting Aliens Universe Tech

Star Trek

"These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise, her five year mission to seek out new life and to go where no man has gone before."

NBC panned the first Star Trek pilot episode (The Cage) as being "too cerebral". The pointy-eared, 'satanic' looking crewman had to go, along with the authoritative, second-in-command "Number One" being a female (played by Roddenberry's soon-to-be wife, Majel Barret).  Fortunately, Roddenberry was given an unprecedented opportunity to make a second pilot, Where No Man Has Gone Before, which won NBC's approval. Obviously he kept the satanic looking guy, and commented, ""The network told me to get rid of Number One, the woman first lieutenant, and also to get rid of 'the Martian fellow'…meaning, of course, Spock. I knew I couldn't keep both, so I gave the stoicism of the female officer to Spock, and married the actress who played Number One."

Desilu Productions produced the first series, with The Man Trap being its first televised episode, airing on September 8, 1966.  Off to a rocky start, Star Trek (known today as The Original Series or TOS) was nearly canceled after its first season due to poor ratings.  But a fan-base had already formed by then, and was able to successfully petition the continuation of the series.

Star Trek - TOS ran for three seasons (1966-1969), and aired a total of 78 episodes -->. In line with Gene Roddenberry's vision of a near utopian Earth, the cast consisted of actors representing a diversity of Earth's races (African, Anglo-American, Japanese, Russian, and Scottish). Future series continue in this tradition.

William Shatner James T. Kirk Captain
Leonard Nimoy Spock (half Vulcan/half Human)  Science and First Officer
Deforest Kelly Lt. Cmdr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy  Medical Officer
James Doohan Lt. Cmdr. Montgomery "Scotty" Scott  Chief of Engineering
Walter Koenig Ensign Pavel Chekov (except in the first season)  Security Officer 
Nichelle Nichols Lt. Nyota Uhura Communications Officer
George Takei Lt. Hikaru Sulu Navigations Officer 
Majel Barrett Christine Chapel  Nurse
Grace Lee Whitney Janice Rand Yeoman

Star Trek TOS is set in the 23rd century aboard  the starship U.S.S. Enterprise. The crew's main mission is to explore and chart the galaxy, so most of the plots center on inter-galactic travel with visits to new found planets. Much of the ship-side drama unfolds on the bridge, sick-bay, engineering, and crew quarters.

Besides humans and many one-time met races, there are three varieties of aliens commonly encountered in TOS:

Race Home Planet Characteristics
Vulcan Vulcan Logic-led and emotion-free, known by their pointy ears
Klingon Qo'noS (pronounced Kronos) Warrior culture, noted by their dark complexion, rough attitude, and military attire
Romulan Romulus Politically suspicious and territorial, with pointy ears like Vulcans (to which they are distantly related)

In TOS, we learn that Earth is aligned in The United Federation of Planets --> (aka 'The Federation'), which includes the Vulcans, one of our closest allies. Starfleet is basically the military arm of The Federation, and its headquarters and academy are located in San Francisco, Earth.

Our Milky Way galaxy is divided into four quadrants --> (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta), with Earth lying on the Alpha-Beta boundary.  Explored space covers only about 10-degrees to either side Earth.

Within the explored space of the Alpha and Beta quadrants, there are three basic political axes extant in the 23rd century: The Federation, the Klingon Empire, and the Romulan Empire.  The three empires seem to constitute a balance of powers, none trusting the others very much, and conflict between them is commonplace.

The U.S.S Enterprise NCC-1701 -->, a Constitution class starship, is capable of faster-than-light Warp speed --> travel. A matter/anti-matter reaction chamber provides the power for the Warp engines. These basically bend or warp the space just behind the ship in order to propel it forward. An inertial dampening system keeps the crew from becoming organic splots on the walls when the g-forces of warp acceleration kick in. The ship's weaponry includes phasers and photon torpedoes.

The common hand-held weapon used by the Federation is the Phaser, with adjustable settings, from stun to vaporize. Communicators are palm-sized and chirp upon opening, enabling planet-side away teams to talk with the orbiting ship, and with each other. The Tri-corder is a medical device that permits diagnosing a person's physical condition by simply scanning over their body. One of the most renowned elements of Star Trek technology is the Transporter, which Roddenberry said he invented because of production costs: it was a lot cheaper to 'beam' people from the ship to a planet than it was to land them via spacecraft...


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